This is the professional that you would see to have a dental procedure done that your family dentist does not do. They are also referred to as a maxillofacial surgeon. Some of the procedures that an oral surgeon does are to correct problems with the face, gums, jaw, and teeth. The procedures that they do are more complex than the procedures that a family dentist will do. Some of these complex procedures include bone grafts, facial reconstruction, removal impected teeth, and oral birth defects. When a person has a facial deformity or has suffered facial injuries due to a medical condition they will normally see an oral surgeon to help reconstruct their face and mouth. Many oral surgeons also practice plastic surgery in order to help those who need to correct some facial problem. Two common oral birth defects that they can help to minimize or repair are a cleft palette or lip.
Another dental problem the surgeon would take care of is wisdom teeth that are affected. To help prevent damage to the gums, other teeth, and jaw they will be removed surgically by oral surgeon. It is also possible that you can have other teeth that became damaged so severely or impected that they must also be surgically removed. These teeth are commonly replaced with dental implants to help prevent the other teeth from shifting. It is also done to reserve the appearance of a full set of teeth. The dental implants used normally consist of a synthetic tooth that is attached to a screw that is then placed in your jaw.
The oral surgeon can also help to correct jaw problems like unequal or mismatched jaw length that can lead to problems with speaking and eating. Having jaw irregularities can also lead to a poor fit for those that wear dentures. If you suffer from a jaw disorder called temporomandibular joint you may also experience intense facial and head pain. To help alleviate many of these problems an oral surgeon can reconcile your jaw. They can also help people eliminate sleep apnea and snoring using surgical procedures. They can use laser surgery to scar the oropharynx located in the back of your mouth, or to tighten it to help reduce breathing obstructions. The laser surgery can also remove any excess tissue from your palette to help stop interruptions in your breathing patterns during sleep or snoring.
You can also develop severe medical problems if you have an infection in your mouth, neck, and face. The oral surgeon often can remove the tissue that is infected to reduce the risk of having any more problems.