What Does Periowave Dental Treatment Entail?

Periowave is a machine that is used to treat periodontal disease. In this day and age, when a great majority of people have all sorts and sorts of dental problems, it is important for dentists to administer the most effective solutions to these problems.

Thanks to this painless antimicrobial photodynamic system, patients with periodontal disease can now heave a sigh of relief. Owing to the fact that ordinary antibiotics are not as effective in dealing with oral problems, the Periowave treatment is gaining popularity by the day. And in addition to treating periodontal diseases, Periowave treatment is perfect for Gingivitis, endodontic treatment, dental caries and peri-implantitis.

And even though Periowave laser treatment is a system that is currently in use, a lot of people do not know how it works, let alone how effective and reliable it is. It is for that reason that we urge you to keep reading and grasp a thing or two about Periowave treatment. After all, 'knowledge is power.' But first, did you know that this machine uses powerful photo-disinfection reaction to killing the bacteria and toxins in your mouth after root planning and scaling?

How it works

· The first thing that a dentist would do during Periowave treatment is applying a small amount of photosensitizer solution to the gums (the solution is blue in color). The solution then fastens to areas with toxins and microbes related to (gum disease) periodontal disease.

· The dentist then places a plastic light guide into the treatment area. Painlessly, the light guide lights the treatment area with its special laser light. The laser light is meant to activate the photo sensitizer solution which then destroys the bacteria in the teeth and gum.

· The cleaning process normally takes only about a minute for the bacteria over and benefit the gums to be completely eradicated.

What are the benefits of Periowave Treatment?

· Effective – It is not easy to get rid of bacteria benefit the gums. Ordinary brushing and flossing only get rid of what is covering the enamel. However, when you have periodontal disease, you have a more serious problem that needs professional and effective treatment; the Periowave therapy

· Painless – Let's all face it, some dental procedures are painful. Luckily, with Periowave laser treatment, the process is 100% painless.

· Quick -60 seconds! It takes a minute for all the bacteria in the affected area to be eliminated. Yes, believe it or not, It is that fast.

· Immediate results – It is a treatment therapy that yields immediate results immediately after activation.

· With Periowave treatment, patients do not need to go back to the dentist for a checkup.

Does not cause damage to the dental structure, the root surfaces or surrounding tissues.

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Dental Solutions to Bruxism

Bruxism is the unconscious grinding of the teeth. For most patients, the teeth grinding occurs at night while they sleep. Headaches, a sore jaw, a stiff jaw and broken and cracked teeth are some of the telltale symptoms of bruxism.

If you've been diagnosed with bruxism, you may be overwhelmed by the multiple treatment options available. There is no cure for bruxism, but many treatment options are available that reduce the triggers of the teeth grinding.

There are many causes of bruxism including stress, sleep apnea, habits, psychological disorders and dental occlusions issues.

The treatment options for bruxism fall into two main categories, both of which target the triggering symptoms that cause bruxism.

Examples of both kinds of bruxism treatment are listed below in their corresponding categories. Depending on your specific bruxism case, you may either be better treated with a treatment option that reduces the occurrence of bruxism or with a treatment option that reduces the severity of the bruxism symptoms. It is not uncommon for treatments of both the symptoms and the occurrence of the bruxism to be prescribed at the same time.

Bruxism Treatments That Target the Symptoms of The Disorder

· Using a warm, wet washcloth on the jaw

· Applying ice cubes or an ice pack to the jaw

· Massaging and stretching jaw muscles, the neck, and face to tie trigger point tension

Getting physical therapy

· Doing exercises to relax the jaw

· Focused facial relaxation

· Visiting a chiropractor

· Using muscle relaxants to relax the jaw

· Crowning teeth

· Tooth reconstructive surgery

Bruxism Treatments That Target the Disorder Itself

· Stress and anxiety reduction and management

· Drinking more water

· Getting more sleep

· Eating soft foods

· Not chewing gum or on other objects

· Consciously relaxing the face and jaw through the day

· Buying a teeth grinding mouth guard (you can also get a customized night one at your dentist)

· Avoiding alcohol, which increases the urge to clench the teeth

· Avoiding caffeine, which can make you jumpy and tense

· Buying dental splints

You should discuss all your bruxism treatment options with your dentist. The best treatment option will depend on the severity of your bruxism, how often it occurs, the extent of the damage it has caused, your personal preferences, the length of the treatment and the costs of the treatment.

It is not uncommon for patients to be unaware they have bruxism because they do not experience any of the noticeable symptoms. For these patients, it is important that they have regular dental check-ups and cleanings at their dentist's office. A dentist can identify the wear and tear of the teeth because of bruxism.

Bruxism is not a dental issue to be ignored. The pain can be severe and uncomfortable and the damage it causes to the teeth and gums can lead to tooth loss, broken teeth and weakened gums that can be more susceptible to gum disease.

The grinding down of teeth as a result of bruxism can lead to flattered teeth which negatively affect the look of a patient's smile which can lower their self-esteem, and overall happiness and quality of life.

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Why You Shouldn’t Stop Wearing Your Retainer

Congratulations on completing your orthodontic treatment! The months or years of wearing annoying, uncomfortable and embarrassing braces are over. You no longer have to go into the orthodontist every month for an adjustment of the brackets on your braces.

Before you think you're done with ever stepping into the orthodontist office again, there is the reality that you're probably going to need to wear a retainer.

Some patients have minor orthodontic needs so they can get by with wearing their retainers at night. Others may have to wear them day and night.

Regardless of which end of the spectrum you fall on, wearing retainers can easily take away the enthusiasm you had when you had your braces taken off for the last time.

Now months have gone by and you've been wearing your retainers daily.

Until you accidently misplaced them.

It can be easy to “lose” you retainers. Whether you wear them at night or during the day, retainers can be a nuisance to wear and care for and they are not exactly pleasant to look at.

Retainers and the dedicated wearing of them is made more difficult when the patient does not realize and appreciate the purpose of the retainers in maintaining that perfect, straight smile that was achieved during braces treatment.

Why are retainers necessary? What will happen if you stop wearing them?

The Consequences of Not Weaving a Retainer

1. Your Teeth Will Regress

You walked through the door of the orthodontist office with crooked teeth and a smile you were too embarrassed to show off. Braces had the only option in straightening them. After all that time wearing braces, your teeth moved into their proper positions and you got the straight, beautiful smile you've always wanted.

To keep that straight smile and make all that time in braces worth it, retainers need to be worn daily.

If you do not wear your retainers, your teeth can shift back into their original, improper and crooked positions and you'll have to spend the money and do the time wearing braces all over again.

Your newly straightened teeth are especially susceptible to movement within the first year after getting your braces removed.

The ligaments and nerves of the teeth and the structure of the jawbone have yet to be solidified, making it easy for the teeth to shift and grow in any number of positions.

If you want to keep your dream smile, it is important you routinely and continuously wear your retainers.

2. You'll Throw More Money and Unnecessary Time Away

You may wonder what the big deal is if you do not wear your retainers. After all, you do not notice any dramatic, immediate changes in your teeth positioning. While a couple miss days or nights here and there likely will not cause long-term teeth alignment relapse, constant “forgetting” to wear your retainers or going long periods of time not wearing your retainers because you lost them, can have permanent, expensive and time consuming consequences.

Time and money are things many people complain they do not have enough of. That may, however, be true for you. If you lose your retainer or simply do not wear it you'll be giving up more of both.

Typical orthodontic treatment cost thousands of dollars and potentially years of monthly orthodontist visits.

You do not want to do that all over again, do you?

Not wearing your retainers for a long time can very reasonably lead to that result.

3. Shows a Lack of Responsibility and Dedication to Your Dental Health

While irresponsibility and lack of dedication towards one's dental health are often associated with teenagers, these can apply to some adult patients as well.

As a parent, there are few things that are more frustrating than to spend thousands of dollars on orthodontic treatment only to potentially need to do it again or to spend an additional few hundred dollars on a replacement retainer.

Adult patients can just as easily be irresponsible when it comes to the proper wearing of their retainers. Teens and adults can wane in their dedication to their dental health.

Sharing that you must wearing a retainer or know that your parents know you're wearing a retainer and then not wearing it can easily cause others to doubt the seriousness of your commitment to maintaining your straight smile.

It is important to wear your retainers. Retainers keep your teeth straight and they can save you from wasting unnecessary expenses and time.

If you lose your retainer , it is important to contact your orthodontist right away to get a replacement.

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How To Get Rid of Bad Breath Once And For All

Bad breath is a big problem for many people. The odor emanating from your mouth varies with respect to the cause of the odor. A lot of people tend to overestimate the amount of bad breath that they are suffering from, even when they may have a negligible bad smell. On the other hand, some people actually have unflattering breathing but are not aware of the situation. Sometimes it may be difficult to gauge bad odor on your own and it may help to ask your spouse or any friend or family member about your breath.


Some of the most common causes of bad mouth odor include food stuck between your teeth which undergo breakdown by bacteria and give out the foul odor. Some specific food like onion, garlic, and other spices tend to be responsible for bad smells emanating from your mouth.

Another major cause of bad mouth odor is the use of tobacco and tobacco products which are directly responsible for the bad smell. Smoking usually results in sustained complaints of foul smell from the mouth. In older people, another common reason is uncleaned dentures. Also, poor dental hygiene is a major cause of this condition in people of old ages. Not flossing your teeth regularly will cause plaque which is basically a film of bacteria responsible for multiple dental issues including bad breath and gum diseases.

Dry mouth and tongue can also be responsible for bad mouth odor. Saliva is an important component of your mouth which helps get rid of foul particles and other sources of a foul smell. One of the most common reasons behind a dry mouth is sleeping with your mouth open. This can cause a dry mouth for long periods of time and result in a foul-smelling breath.

Certain medications can also cause bad breath and there is little that can be done about it. These medications may be essential for your health and well-being and your only alternative is to ask your physician for alternative medicine that does not have such an effect. However, medications may not always be available. Sometimes dental procedures and surgical treatments may cause wounds that may result in mouth sores which give out a bad smell. Certain diseases may also be associated with a bad odor from your mouth too.

Quick Remedies

The above are some of the reasons why you may have bad mouth odor and the most simple of these causes can be easily removed by a couple of fast remedial measures. You should first make it a habit to brush your teeth and clean your tongue after every meal. Apart from that, drinking water and regularly using dental floss can be of great help. Sticking to great dental hygiene habits and keeping track of any odor on your breath will help you stay away from bad smell. In some cases, it may be beneficial to have a natural mouth freshener at hand.

If you continue to have bad mouth odor problems then it is advisable to visit your dentist and look for more serious dental issues which may be the under cause of bad breath.

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Understand the Costs You Will Be Responsible With Dental Work

It does not matter if you have insurance, a discount plan, or you are self pay. When it comes to dental care, you need to know how much it is going to cost you. Sometimes, you will be responsible for none of it and other times you will have to pay a portion or all of it. A dental fee schedule helps you to avoid surprises and financial strain.

You should always be offered that information, but if you do not see it, you can ask for it. While it is true a dentist can set their own fees, there can be limits to what will be paid by insurance and dental discount plans. When a dentist agreements to work with a given insurance company or discount plan, they adhere to those dental fee schedule amounts in order to be part of the network.

Preventative Care

The best programs do not cost you at all for preventative care. This includes routine cleansings and annual x-ray. However, there can be extra charges such as for an extraction, coating the teeth, and other procedures that may be done that day. Often, the provider does not know such needs are there until they complete that cleaning and dental exam.

They should always talk to you beforehand about the dental fee schedule for services. It does not matter if the work is to be done for you or for someone in your household that you are responsible for. It is not legal or ethical for them to just do the work and then to expect you to pay for it. If you can not pay at that time, you may need to schedule another appointment.

The other option is to set up a payment arrangement with the provider. It all depends on your relationship with them and their in-house policies. Some plans require you to pay a co-pay for preventative care. If you go in for such services when less than six months has passed from the last one, you may have to pay all of it.

Additional Procedures

Other procedures beyond the preventive care can be expensive, and the amount you are required to pay depends on the dental fee schedule. You may be required to pay a set dollar amount for a given procedure or a set percentage of the cost of the procedure. They should be able to break this down for you at the office so you know what you will have to pay.

In many instances, the provider will need to get authorization from the insurance or the dental plan before the work is done. If it is denied, you will be responsible for the entire cost of the procedure. This is why getting it authorized in advance is important. The exception is when there is a dental emergency that has to be taken care of immediately.

Budgeting for Dental Care

With additional services, the provider may tell you they need to be done as soon as possible. For others, you may have some time before they will get worse. It is a good idea to learn about the dental fee schedule so you know if you can budget for it. If the cost is out of your range, find out what options they have available to you.

They may be able to get you qualified for in house financing. This is often an outside 3rd party they work with that will determine if you qualify. They will determine how much you qualify for and pay it to the provider directly based on your needs and dental fee schedule. Then you will repay the 3rd party in monthly increments until the balance is paid in full.

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The Importance Of Dental Courses And Diplomas

Dental courses and further diploma courses not only provide excellent job opportunities to aspiring professionals in the medical field, but also provide an epitome of importance in terms of health and oral hygiene.

Not only is it a safe and noble career option to go for, it also provides a chance to help the people in the society in urgent need of oral medical attention. Not only does it give a sense of responsibility to the scholars but also provides the mental satisfaction of being a helping individual to those in need.

The individuals willing to study dental courses are required to complete their degree in BDS or Bachelor in Dental Surgery, and then there are further diplomas and continuing study along with the practice that are equally important for a dentist to keep up with the latest technology and surgical equipment.

The importance of these courses and diplomas for the dentists is multi-faceted and explained as follows:

1. Dentists should be highly qualified in order to perform correct surgeries. They can not afford to make even a minute mistake as the patient's health is at stake. Therefore, they should be well-read and well practiced in the profession along with the legal education requirement while practicing dentistry.

2. Technologies and science change every day, since, a dentist is needed to cover mandatory continuing studies after getting the bachelor's degree. This helps the professional to understand the working of the equipment and new technological devices that are essential for the surgeries that are to be performed on the patient. Using older methods and obsolete equipment will lead to non-satisfaction in the society and incorrect practice of dentistry. The dentist's career will cease to enhance as well.

3. Dentistry is a noble pursuit to help ailing patients and help maintain health and hygiene of the people in the community. Through dental diploma courses, the professionals in dental surgeries get a plethora of career opportunities and enhancement in growth while giving back to the society by practicing such an honorable profession.

4. Not only do they have the opportunity to grow in the medical field but they also are equally free to maintain the freedom to work on their own. Proper education and knowledge enable dentists to start their practice independently by obtaining registered with the state authoriting binding them legally in the medical ethics mandatory in this field.

5. The patients have the rights to get the latest diagnostics and healthcare facilities for maximum satisfaction; in order to provide for that, a dentist must be specialized and medically certified with the degrees and experience. They must continue their studies by pursuing diplomas and other courses for more excellence and knowledge.

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Small Businesses Can Offer Dental Coverage

It is not always possible for small businesses to offer the same value with insurance and other benefits as larger companies. Even though they would like to be able to do it, they just do not always have the funds to make it happen. One way for them to get around this is with group dental plans. This allows them to offer savings to all employees with a plan for all to use.

The employer has to decide if they will limit to only the employees or extend it to coverage for families as well. Most of them try to offer both types of plans because they realize the family dynamics can vary. With group dental plans, everyone will pay a set premium amount based on either an individual or family coverage plan.


With group dental plans, there is a network of approved providers. This means anyone who is an employee and family members under the coverage need to use that network. If they choose to seek dental care outside of that network, they may have to pay more money or they may have to pay all of the cost out of their own pocket. The exception can be in an emergency situation.

It is important for the small business to find overall value with group dental plans. This includes great coverage, a fair premium, and a vast network so the employees can feel in control over where they get their detail care. If a network is too limited, they may feel frustrated being forced to pick from just a few options.


Many group dental plans have a deductible associated with them. This means each employee will have a set amount of money they have to pay out of pocket annually before the plan will pay anything for them. This deductible may be individual or for a family in terms of overall amount. Depending on the program, the deductible may not refer to cleanings.

This means such services can be offered without any out of pocket costs. The concept behind this is the preventive care will save in the long term for the plan provider and the employee. They are less likely to have serious and expensive dental work that needs done if they take care of the preventative care regularly.

Maximum Benefits

There can be a cap on the amount of benefits that the plan will pay out per household or per individual that is employed in the business. Once this amount is met, any other costs the patient incurs that year will be paid out of their own pocket. The deductible and the maximum benefits will start all over though the next calendar year.

Types of Benefits

Employers have a difficult role when it comes to the types of benefits they will offer. They have to balance the cost with the coverage. The less coverage offered with the dental plan, the lower price it will be. Yet that could result in people paying lots out of pocket for dental care. Raising the price slightly can help by offering a higher amount of payout and more types of coverage.

Small business owners need to take the time to learn about such dental plans available. It can be a wonderful way to provide something extra to their employees. It can be a way to help them save money on services they really do need. You do not have to be a big business to offer such benefits.


Such benefits including group dental plans can help with retention of employees. Too often, employees have to change jobs because they need more pay or they are not getting any benefits. This means a high turnover rate and it also means more money spent on training new employees. Being able to offer this type of incentive can allow those employees to stick around for years.

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What Are the Major Signs of Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an oral disease that affects the gums and leads to loss of teeth if left untreated. Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that disturb the gum, the teeth and the bone that holds the teeth in place.

It is sad that in this day and age, there are people who still take oral health and hygiene for granted. And for that reason, this post focuses oral hygiene for healthy and strong gums and teeth by emphasizing on periodontal disease . It is high time we all had hale and hearty smiles with strong and healthy gums and teeth. Read on, tell a friend and tell the friend to tell a friend

Now, what are the signs of periodontal disease that you should be aware of?

Do you have bleeding gums, puffy and red gums or itchy gums? Then you are probably wondering if you should be worried or not! Below are some signs and symptoms that will tell you that you need to visit a cosmetic dentist fast.

· Gum bleeding when the gum is disturbed by brushing, flossing or chewing hard food – most people usually think that their bleeding after brushing is caused by poor brushing methods or poor choice of truth brush. Although to some extent these two cause cause gum irritation and sometimes bleeding, sometimes it is important to seek a professional's opinion as to why your gums are bleeding.

· Red and inflamed gums -the signs are normally associated with Gingivitis. So, painful or not, red and swollen gums are signs of gum disease. As soon as you notice that your gums are puffy and red, consult a professional cosmetic dentist for proper checkup and diagnosis.

· Pus discharge from your gums – Gum disease usually causes the teeth to drift away from their positions because the bone that holds them in place has been lost to the disease. When that happens, pus pockets from beneath the gum and you will experience pus oozing out of the gums. Such a condition makes eating painful and almost impossible, because the need for immediate professional assistance.

· Bad breath – Are you struggling with bad breath even after brushing your teeth twice a day and regularly flossing? Bad breath is associated with periodontal disease, which calls for immediate treatment.

How to Care for your Teeth after Treatment for Periodontal Disease

· Institute regular plaque removal – On a regular basis, get a professional cleaning from a qualified dentist to get rid of all the plaque surrounding your teeth.

· Quit smoking – One of the major causes of gum disease is smoking. Therefore, if you're a smoker and you have just been treated for gum disease, the best thing you could do for your teeth is quit smoking.

Observe healthy oral hygiene practices – Regular brushing and flossing are the best practices for oral hygiene. Also, avoid too hot and too cold foods and drinks as they provoke cavities.

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Dental Radiographs: Intraoral And Extraoral X-Rays

Also known as radiographs, X-rays are integral components any dental care procedure. In most cases, X-rays are diagnostic, but can also be used as preventatives, helping dentists identify potential dental issues well before they become a major complication. Essentially, an X-ray is an energy form that moves through soft tissues and is absorbed by the dose ones.

Dental X-rays are images of bones, teeth and soft tissues surrounding them and help diagnose cavities, bone loss and complications in dental structure, which are often left undiagnosed during visual examinations.

Dental X-rays are divided into two distinct categories, which are intraoral X-rays, taken inside the mouth, and extraoral X-rays, outside of the mouth. With higher details and sophistication, the former is the more commonly used procedure.

Intraoral X-rays

In dentistry, intraoral radiographs are the most common types of X-rays and provide the dentists with a higher level of teeth and bone detail. They help the dentists:

  • In finding cavities
  • Look at the tooth roots
  • Identify the occurrence of periodontal diseases
  • Inspect bone health
  • Check the status of developing teeth

The following are the different types of intraoral X-rays that help dentists examine different aspects of oral health:

1. Periapical X-ray: This is used to highlight the entire length of a tooth from the end of its root to the exposed crown and the bones that support the tooth. At most, it can only cover 2 teeth at a time. Such radiographs are used to diagnose dental flaws in the jaws and below the gum line like bone changes, cysts, and affected teeth.

2. Bitewing X-ray: It's used to show the crown of the lower back of the teeth in a single view. It highlights the bicuspids and upper and lower molars and helps diagnose tooth decay, upper and lower teeth line-up and bone loss in cases of severe infections and gum complications.

3. Occlusal X-rays: Larger than most X-rays, Occocalal X-rays are used to scan the roof and the floor of the mouth to highlight tooth development, extra teeth, cleft palates, jaw fractures, etc.

Extraoral X-rays

These are used to detect dental issues in the jaw and skull. Since they are less detailed than their oral counterparts, they can not be used to detect flaws and cavities in individual teeth. The following is the most common type of extraoral radiograph:

Panoramic X-ray: Panoramic radiographs depict a broad view of teeth, jaws, nasal area, sinuses and temporomandibular joints and involve less radiation than intraoral X-rays. These are used to detect problems like bone abnormalities, infections, tumors, infected teeth, etc.

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How Healthy Teeth Help You to Stay Healthy

The relationship of the teeth to general health and efficiency was appreciated in a general way long before vitamins or focal infections had been heard of. Toothaches used to be as inevitable as colds; and slave buyers and horse traders inspected the teeth of their prospective purchases before buying. But only in recent times has attention been given to the care and preservation of the teeth.

Dental Caries
Early studies of the cause and prevention of dental caries suggested that there might be a single causative factor but further results show that the problem is a complex one, with diet, heredity, internal secretions, mechanical factors, and oral hygiene of greatest importance.

Diet and Dental Caries
There is now general agreement that diet probably is the most important single factor in the maintenance of sound, healthy teeth, and that an adequate diet is most essential during the period of most rapid growth. McCullum and Simmonds conclude from an experimental study that rats which are kept on a deficient diet during a part of the growing period have inferior teeth and early decay, even though an adequate diet is provided later. In the days before viosterol had been developed and before cod-liver oil was widely used, McCullum also reported that at the age of entering school 9 per cent of children who had been breast-fed for at least 6 months had dental caries, 22 per cent of children who were fed on cow's milk or on milk mixtures, and 27 per cent who were fed on oatmeal water and other prepared foods. This would indicate that the foundation of dental health is laid very early in life, but it now appears that the prenatal period is also of great importance in this regard. Consequential emphasis is now being placed upon a proper diet during pregnancy.

Important though diet is admittedly is, there does not seem to be any single diet factor which is responsible for dental caries. Calcium and phosphorus, the two minerals found in bones and teeth, and vitamin D, which regulates the utilization of these minerals by the body, are clearly essential. Of these, calcium and Vitamin D were first thought to be of greatest importance: but the more recent work seemed to indicate that phosphorus is of great if not greater importance than calcium. Milk, certain vegetables, and fish foods are rich sources of both calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D is very likely to be deficient in natural foods during the winter months but is easily administrated in the form of cod-liver oil, vitamin D milk, or viosterol.

Children have long been denied candy because of the belief that sugar is related to dental decay, and certain studies carried out in institutions for orphans where the diet is strictly controlled suggesting that the prevalence of dental caries is directly related to the amount of carbohydrates in the diet. Cereals from which the hull of the grain has been removed seem to have an unfavorable impact upon the development of the teeth, and several investigators believe that oatmeal contributes directly to the formation of caries.

Divergent opinions concerning the relation of diet to dental health leave one rather confused. Almost no one diet factor is responsible for resistance to caries, but various elements are necessary for the proper development and continuing soundness of the teeth. For practical purposes a well-rounded diet, containing liberal amounts of milk, orange juice, fresh fruits, vegetables, and for children cod-liver oil or some other form of vitamin D, may be dependent upon to supply the nutritional requirements of the teeth .

It is frequently said that “a clean tooth never decays.” Whether or not this is true depends upon the definition of cleanliness. If cleanliness implications freedom from bacteria, the statement probably is correct. But with bacteria constantly present in the mouth and in the food we eat, it is impossible to have the teeth bacteriologically clean.

The mechanism of decay is through the action of acids produced by bacterial decomposition of food, first upon the enamel and then upon the softer dentine of the tooth. The action of this acid upon the tooth structure may begin in any crevice, irregularity, or break in the enamel. The amount of decomposition and acid formation is greatest when there are gross accumulations of food substances. In fact, it is between the teeth, where it is difficult to prevent accumulations of food that decide most often begins. Here, despite cleanliness of the teeth is the only factor in the prevention of dental decay, or even the most important one it is not without significance.

Some clarification of this aspect of the problem has been given by recent studies of the bacterium found in the mouth. If a particular germ called Lactobacillus acidophilus occurs in quantity caries develop with great rapidity. This is due to these bacteria act upon carbohydrates, particularly sugars, on and around the teeth to form acids which dissolve the enamel and the dentine. These studies have also shown that if persons have excessive number of lactobacilli in their mouths, the amount of caries can be reduced by the elimination of sugars and other easily fermentable carbohydrates from the diet.

It now appears that certain chemicals applied to the teeth will neutralize the acids formed by the action of bacteria upon carbohydrates and therefore reduce caries. Some of these chemicals are now being included in so-called “ammoniated” toothpastes.

Fluorine and Dental Caries
During the past several years investigations have taken another turn. It was determined that the only chemical difference between carious and non-carious teeth is that carious teeth contain less fluorine, a chemical element which is present in minute amounts in the bones and teeth. This was followed by an investigation of the fluorine content of the drinking water in areas in which dental caries are rare and areas in which they are prevalent. Here again a difference in fluorine content was found. From these studies it has been concluded that the presence of approximately 1 part of fluorine per 1,000,000 parts of drinking water results in a decreased prevalence of caries. Incidentally fluorine in this amount causes some mottling of the teeth.

Proceeding on the basis of this information, several investigators have experimented with the application of fluorine to the surface of the teeth of children. In this study Knutson and Armstrong reported that the application of 2 per cent sodium fluoride solution to the teeth resulted in 40 per cent less caries over a period of a year in 289 children than developed in 326 untreated controls. No healing effect was noted on teeth in which caries exhausted. This use of fluorine for the prevention of dental caries is a promising line of investigation but it is still in the experimental stage.

Other exceedingly important studies are those in which sodium fluoride in minute amounts is being added to the water supplies of several cities which have low fluoride content. If this should prove effective in preventing caries, it will be a great step forward in the control of this most widespread of human diseases.

That other factors play a part in determining the health of teeth is evident from the fact that some persons remain immune from caries no matter how unbalanced the diet or howclean the mouth, while others develop caries even though the diet, so far as we can tell, is entirely adequate and the care of the mouth perfect. One of these additional factors is probably heredity, and the functioning of the glands of internal secretion may be another.

Apical Infections
The so-called “apical abscesses” which develop around the roots of teeth are the most dangerous type of mouth infection. Infective organisms usually reach these areas by traveling from deep cavities down the pulp of the tooth and along the root canal. On the other hand, abscesses occasionally occur around the roots of apparently healthy teeth.

An infection at the root of a tooth begins as a small inflammatory area in the bone in which the tooth is embedded. Without an abscess forms and works its way to the surface, becoming a so-called “gum boil,” these infections can not drain. The result is that their toxic products and even the bacteria themselves may be absorbed into the blood and lymph stream to be circulated through the body. The toxic products cause fatigue, lassitude, and various aches and pains, while bacteria which are absorbed may set up infections in the joints, kidneys, or heart valves. Abscesses at the roots of certain teeth of the upper jaw may extend directly into the antrum, producing one of the most different types of sinus infection. The development of these root abscesses is usually accompanied by pain, but they may develop, particularly at the roots of “dead” teeth, without any warning whatever. The only satisfactory treatment is free drainage obtained by the removal of the tooth.

Gingivitis and Pyorrhea
Gingivitis means an inflammatory condition of the gums; While Pyorrhea implies that actual pus is present. The normal gums are pink or light red in color, thin and firm. If they become bright red or purplish, soft, swollen, and spongy, or bleed easily, they should receive attention. The causes of an unhealthy condition of the gums may be faulty diet, mechanical irritation, or bacterial infection.

Vitamin C seems to be the dietary factor most directly related to the health of the gums. In scurvy, the disease due to vitamin C deficiency, a spongy, bleeding condition of the gums is a predominant symptom. Hanke reported that the addition of a pint of orange juice and the juice of one lemon to the daily diet lead to an almost complete disappearance of gingivitis.

Mechanical injury to the gums may result from the faulty use of the toothbrush or from the accumulation of tartar lime like deposits on the teeth at the gum margin. Such mechanical injury causes irritation and is frequently followed by secondary infection.

Exercise and massage of the gums by biting and chewing assist in the maintenance of an adequate circulation and a healthy condition. For this reason it is important that teeth be kept in proper repair so that they will be used regularly and uniformly. Missing teeth and poor fillings prevent the proper use of the teeth in chewing. Gentle massage of the gums with the fingers or the toothbrush, using a stroke toward the gum margin, is helpful in maintaining good circulation.

Pyorrhea is a more severe infection of the gums which demands expert treatment. There is no mouthwash, toothpaste, or powder that will cure it.

Trench Mouth
A severe form of gingivitis which received special study during the First World War has been called “trench mouth.” This is caused by a specific germ and is easily communicated from one person to another, either directly or indirectly through drinking glasses or eating utensils. The treatment of trench mouth is a problem for a physician or a dentist.

Care of the Mouth and Teeth
Cleanliness of the mouth and teeth is important from an aesthetic as well as from a hygienic point of view. It is difficult to keep the mouth clean in view of the irregularities in the shape of the teeth and the crevices between them. Neverheless, by the regular use of the toothbrush and dental floss the teeth may be kept relatively free from deposits of food and mucus. The mouth should be cleansed upon rising in the morning, after each meal, and before retiring.

The Toothbrush
A small or medium-sized brush with a straight or slightly convex brushing surface looks to give the best results. The bristles should be reliably short and stiff, with the tufts broadly separated and containing bristles of different lengths. The expense of the brush is not necessarily a criterion of its value.

Cold water should be used in brushing the teeth, for hot water softens the bristles. After using a brush, it should be washed and hung where it will become thoroughly dry before before use. It is well to have several brushes which may be used alternately.

The teeth should be brushed on all surfaces which the brush can reach. Other surfaces should be cleaned with dental floss. A technique recommended for brushing the teeth is to place the brush against the teeth with the bristles slanting away from the gums. Then with a gentle, rotary motion work the bristles between as well as over the surface of the teeth. If there is a tendency for the gum margins to recede, the gums should be massed with the brush when cleaning the teeth, using a gentle stroke toward the edge of the gum margin.

Tooth Pastes and Powders
The chief merit of dentifrices is that they are pleasant to use and encourage regularity in the care of the teeth. They contribute but little to the cleaning and nothing to the preservation of the teeth. Nor do they prevent pyorrhea and gingivitis. And the use of some dentifrices is actually worse than nothing at all, for they contain abrasive, gritty substances which wear down the enamel of the teeth. For practical purposes, finely precipitated chalk or bicarbonate of soda with or without flavoring is an inexpensive, safe, and satisfactory dentifrice. The recently developed ammoniated dentifrices may prove to have real value in preventing caries.

The only merit which can be attributed to Mouthwashes is that they give a pleasant sensation of cleanliness. They have no antiseptic properties of any consequence. If the mouth is healthy, they are unnecessary; and if not, they are valueless.

There is some suggestion that the persistent use of some of the popular “antiseptic gargles” may be harmful. Whether or not this is correct, it is unintelligent for people to be cajoled into spending money for such preparations by the writers of advertising copy who knows nothing about health and careless.

Dental Care
The selection of a competent dentist is of first importance in the care of the teeth. Cheap, incompetent dentistry usually means one of several things: decay left under fillings to infect the pulp and give rise to apical abscesses, poorly prepared cavities from which fillings easily become loose, poorly fitting fillings which permit of decay around their edges, difficult work neglected , and good teeth sacrificed to poor judgment. In dentistry as in other things one does not get something for nothing. The ultimate cost of poor dentistry is much greater than the cost of good work in the first place.

A publication of the American Dental Association states that dental research has as yet found no way to prevent caries. The only satisfactory method of combating the disease is to fill affected teeth during the early stages of decay. Without this is done, the teeth attacked by caries will be lost in almost every instance. Thus, the only logical present method of meeting the dental health need of school children is to fill all carious permanent teeth.

Teeth should be cleaned and examined at regular intervals of 6 or better still, 3 months. The thorough cleaning aids in the prevention of decay and the examination discloses cavities when they are just beginning and as yet of minor importance. If cavities are properly filled when small, the progress of decay is arrested and the structure of the tooth saved. To postpone or neglect necessary dental work is no economy. To be most effective, routine dental care should begin at the age of two. Dentistry is expensive, and even the most skillful reconstructive work is not nearly as satisfactory as sound, natural teeth.

Disagreeable odor of the breath may come from decay teeth, from collections of decomposing food between the teeth, from infections in the nose or sinuses, from plugs in the crypts of the tonsils, or from malodorous volatile substances eliminated from the blood stream through the lungs . The conditions affecting the teeth can be corrected by dentistry and dental hygiene; nose and throat infections, by medical care. The excretion of unpleasant odors from the lungs can be reduced if not eliminated by diets of low fat content. Mouthwashes may temporarily mask unpleasant odors but they never really eliminate the odor or remove its cause.

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Why Teeth Whitening Is More Than Cosmetic

It would be nice to once again have that youthful, pearly white smile. Whitening your teeth solely for looking good looks a little vain and unnecessary.

You figure the people who get their teeth whitening simply want to look good.

What if there were other benefits of teeth whitening that may not be as obvious?


Patients choose to get their teeth whitened for many reasons. While the most noticeable and publicized output is a beautiful, white smile, the reason for getting that perfect smile varies.

Why does a white smile matter?

As a society, we associate white teeth with beauty, wealth, success, youth and health. Who does not want those?

Unfortunately, the years of drinking coffee, tea and sodas as well as consuming sugary and acidic foods have taken away that white smile.

Some patients are insecure and ashamed of their yellow teeth. For some, their teeth are so discolored they refuse to smile. Their yellow, discolored smile takes away self-esteem and confidence which can have potentially devastating effects on one's quality of life.

These patients seek a whiter smile so they can once again enjoy life. White teeth can be the catalyst to a renewed vitality, confidence and pride that can motivate patients to live a happier, fuller and healthier life.

Other patients seek teeth whitening as a way to advance in their careers.

In the workplace, a bright, vibrant smile exudes personal hygiene, energy, youthfulness and confidence. All these attributes are necessary for a great employee and leader.

Others look to whiten their teeth because they want to look good at an upcoming event, such as a wedding or high school reunion.

A good impression is important in building up one's self-esteem and confidence.

It can provide emotional and psychological benefits to patients.


Patients get their teeth whitened for different reasons.

If you think that you can benefit from a whiter smile and that whitening is worth it, you'll have to figure out what kind of system will give you the results you want.

The two main types of systems are at-home and in-office. The at-home systems can easily be done at home. The in-office treatment involves going to the dentist and having him or her professionally whiten your teeth.

Both types have pros and cons that must be considered.

At-Home Whitening

At-home kits come in either trays or strips that adhere to the front of the teeth. These kits are readily available and can be picked up at the grocery or convenience store.

At-home whitening kits are popular because of their low costs, ease of application and the ability to whiten teeth in the privacy of one's own home. These systems can be done on your schedule, which is convenient if you're a busy professional.

The downsides to at-home teeth whitening kits is that the degree of whitening is limited and the whitening that does result will not last long. Deep stains and teeth that are severely discolored will not actually get fully white.

The gums of some patients also get irritated with these at-home kits as well.

In-Office Whitening

With in-office teeth whitening, a dentist will use a higher concentration of bleaching agent that is more strictly applied, yielding more immediate, noticeable results that have less gum irritation. The whitening that happens in the dental office yields more noticeable results that also last much longer than at-home whitening.

The cons of in-office whitening, however, are the higher costs and a lack of privacy. It involves setting an appointment at the dentist, which can be inconvenient for patients with busy schedules.

While the main purpose of teeth whitening is to yield, beautiful, bright, white teeth, it goes beyond just cosmetic, but produces many psychological and emotional benefits that can lead to a better life and well-being.

When trying to decide which teeth whitening method to undertake, do your homework and speak to your dentist.

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Inlays, Onlays and Crowns: What’s the Difference and Which Is Right for Me?

You may have noticed a sensitivity to one of your teeth and immediately think it is a cavity. You walk into your dentist's office thinking you need simple filling. What you did not expect to hear from the dentist is that your tooth is so damaged that a filling may do more damage to the tooth instead of protecting it.

Your dentist mentions that in your case, the best options are either an inlay, onlay and a crown.

You prefer not to get a crown as they can be expensive. At the same time, you're not completely sure what the difference is between anlay and an onlay.

What are the differences between the three and which one will be best for your situation?

Your dentist will likely go into detail about each of these options and make a recommendation as to which one they believe will be restore your tooth.

Below is a short summary of what your dentist will likely tell you:

What are Inlays and Onlays?

Both inlays and onlays are used to restore teeth that are too damaged for fillings, but do not need crowns, such as teeth with a severe cavity.

Both inlays and onlays are very similar and provide the same purpose to improve the structure and stability of teeth as well as help strengthen the teeth. Inlays and onlays are made of porcelain, gold and composite resin and they are both applied to a portion of the chewing surface of a tooth.

The only difference between inlays and onlays are where on the tooth chewing surface they are applied.

The chewing surface of your teeth contain bumps, called cusps. The bumpy surface of the teeth help the teeth to better hold food in place while chewing. It is also full of crevices where germs and plaque can easily accumulate. For this reason, cavities tend to originate in this area of ​​teeth.

Regular fillings are applied to holes and deep crevices on the chewing surface of the teeth to keep additional germs and decay from destroying the tooth. Bad cavities that cover more surface of this area of ​​the tooth will most likely need and inlay or onlay.

Inlays are applied to the chewing surface of teeth usually between the cusps (or bumps) of the teeth. They can help restore the strength of a tooth by covering, smoothing out or reshaping an area around a cusp.

In some cases, inlays are either used in place of metal amalgam fillings or are used to restore damage to the tooth because of a metal filling.

Onlays, on the other hand, go over and structure and smooth out a larger area on the teeth chewing surface. They usually cover the entire chewing surface of a tooth. Onlays are sometimes called partial crowns as they commonly cover the entire top (or chewing) surface of a tooth.

Both inlays and onlays are the less expensive options compared to crowns and are best for teeth that do not have extensive or deep decay.

What are Crowns?

Sometimes a tooth is either too damaged or too much surface of the tooth is damaged that a crown is needed instead.

A crown is a protective covering made of gold, silver, porcelain and resin composite that goes over the tooth. The crown is secured onto the surface of the tooth with dental bonding.

Crowns are a treatment option for different kinds of dental issues including fractured, broken teeth, weak teeth and teeth that are severely misshapen.

Which One is Right For Me?

When determining whether an inlay, an onlay or a crown is the best option for your situation, you should consider the price, how long the treatment will last, how fast you'll need your tooth restoration, and the amount of the cavity damage to the tooth.

Only your dentist will be able to provide the most thorough information about each of these three options and suggest the best course of action needed to restore and preserve your teeth as best as possible.

Inlays, onlays and crowns are great options to halt further damage to your teeth from cavities, broken, cracked and fractured teeth.

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How to Encourage Your Kids to Floss

Tell me, my friend, do you floss regularly? I do not do it daily. Sometimes, I forget and sometimes, I become too lazy to go to the washbasin and skip it. If we adult can not do it regularly, how can we expect that kids will do it daily?

Although we often skip it, flossing plays an important role in the overall oral health. The American Dental Association recommends it at least once daily. Yes, you can take resolution today to do it. But, can you make sure that your kids will do it regularly? The answer is not so reassuring.

Well, the help is here.

In today's article, I'm going to tell you five practical tips to encourage your kids to floss. Without further ado, let's dive in:

Make flossing fun

My friend, flossing can be fun for kids. What you need to do is to make it a game. You can play a simple game of keeping a score for flossing between kids and parents. If you or your spouse does not do it for a day, your kids will get certain points. Or if any of your kid does not do, you will get points. Maintain the score for 15 days or 30 days. The team with the highest score wins the game. And do not forget to include a prize in this game.

Give your kids presents for flossing

Tell your kids that they will receive presentations if they do not miss flossing in the given month. Believe me, my friend, this trick always works. But, you need to offer rewards which kids are interested in. Else, they will lose motivation.

Let kids choose their flossing products

The biggest mistake most parents commit is to choose flossing products for their kids. Kids need motivation. You should always let them choose their flossing products. This will make your kids feel that they have bought something and now they have to use it.

Floss together as a family

My kids floss happily together with us when my wife and I floss. Remember, my friend, kids love to do things together in the family. So make a habit of flossing together as a family. Your kids will not miss flossing. And a good thing is you will also not miss it when flossing becomes a family activity.

Also, you can make flossing a musical activity. Play your kids' favorite music at flossing time. This will certainly encourage your kids to floss.

Show them what will happen if they miss flossing

Showing them what will happen to their teeth if they do not floss daily is a good way to convince them to floss. You can easily find plenty of educational videos online that explains how not flossing can damage the teeth. My younger kid has started flossing daily ever since I showed her an educational video on flossing.

Flossing is very important for the oral health. If you follow these tactics, your kids will definitely do flossing regularly.

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Root Canal Treatment: Post-Operative Pain and Aftercare

When people are told that they need a root canal treatment, usually the first thing they think is the pain. However, the pain you feel is caused by an infection in the tooth, not by the root canal treatment. A root canal is done to eliminate that pain.

It's normal to feel tenderness in the operated area for a couple of days after the root canal treatment since your body is undergoing the natural healing process. You may also feel some sensitivity in your jaw from keeping it open for a long period of time. These are short-lived symptoms and usually, vanish after taking some over-the-counter painkillers. But, it is important for you to follow the instructions of your dentist on how to take your pain medications. Remember that pain medication, if prescribed, can cause symptoms like drowsiness, dizziness and sleepy. Therefore, it is best in your interest not to drive or operate heavy machinery after taking these medications.

Post-operative your tooth may feel a bit 'different from your other teeth for few days. However, if you're undergoing severe toothache or pressure that lasts more than a few days, contact your dentist or endodontist.

Tips on Post-Treatment Care

Do not eat anything until the numbness in your mouth wears off. This will keep you from biting the cheek or tongue.

Do not bite or chew on the treated tooth until you've had it restored completely by your dentist.

Be sure to brush and floss your teeth as you normally would.

If the opening in your tooth has been restored with a temporary filling material, it is rare for a thin layer to wear off in between appointments. But, if you think that the entire filling came out, contact your dentist or endodontist.

Contact your endodontist immediately if you develop any of the following:

a) The bite feels uneven.

b) A visible swapping inside or outside of the mouth;

c) A return of the original symptoms; Egypt

d) An allergic reaction to medication, including hives, itching or rash.

Taking Care of Your Tooth

Root canal treatment is just a step in returning your natural tooth to full function. And to achieve that proper restoration of your treated tooth is extremely critical to ensure the long-term success.

Contact your dentist to arrange your next dental appointment without any delay. If the tooth is being treated in more than one sitting by an endodontist, do not go to your dentist for the final restoration until the completion of root canal treatment.

What the Future Holds

A tooth that undergone a proper endodontic treatment followed by a proper recovery can last long as your any other natural teeth. After the tooth has been restored, you only have to practice good oral hygiene, including proper brushing, flossing, regular dental checkups, and cleanings.

The dentist or endodontist may occasionally x-ray the tooth to ensure that healing has been completed. Sometimes, a tooth that has undergone root canal does not heal or the pain lasts. Sometimes, the tooth may become painful or diseased months or even years after successful treatment. In such case, repeating the endodontic treatment is the only option to save your natural tooth.

If you're having pain & discomfort after root canal treatment, following these simple steps can help you get the most relief. If the pain persists after the root canal treatment, be sure to contact your dentist. They get to control that the tooth is healing as it should.

Visit your nearest dentist or endodontist , if you continue to experience the pain more than a few days after the treatment.

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Overcoming Your Dental Fears With Sedation

There are a lot of people who dread going in for dental visits. Fear and anxiety can create a lot of extra stress when going into a dental office for a simple cleaning or surgical procedure. Since this fear keeps a lot of people from visiting the dental office, dentists have found a way to help by offering sedation in their office. There are several different levels of sedation and each is used to help patients feel as comfortable as possible while getting necessary work done.

Local Anesthetic

This is the most common forms of anesthesia because it provides numbing to the area being worked on. Patients remain conscious, but stays comfortable. This is used during surgery procedures that are simpler, like extracts and fixing soft tissue problems.

Nitrous Oxide Sedation

Most patients are familiar with this type of sedation because it has been around for a long time. Nitrous Oxide is used to calm nerves during dental procedures and is often called “laughing gas”. It is mixed with oxygen and breathed in through the nose, usually from a tube or mask. It can help control pain, but mostly just helps provide comfort. Depending on the dental office, it is available for most procedures, including filling cavities, dental implants, and wisdom teeth removal.

In Office Intravenous Anesthesia

Sedation administrated through intravenous, or an IV, can be done in most dental offices. The medicine is put straight into the vein and allows the patient to fall into a sleep-like state but stay conscious. The patient will not remember the surgery, pain, or anything that happens while receiving this type of sedation. Vitals are monitored and oxygen given through the procedure. Patients who undergo this level of anesthesia are not allowed to drive after the procedure because they can feel tired for the following few hours.

The most common procedures this is used for are wisdom teeth removal and dental implants. For patients with high levels of anxiety, they are allowed anesthesia for simple procedures in some dental offices. This is especially helpful for patients with special needs, such as Parkinson's Disease, Autism, and attention problems.

Surgical Center General Anesthesia

When a defect level of sedation is required, an anesthesiologist must administrator the medication. While many dental offices have contracted anesthesiologists come in to their offices, most require the work to be done in a hospital of surgical center. This is the most common form of anesthesia for patients who need more intensive work done, like jaw surgery or reconstruction of the face or mouth area. Patients are in a completely sedated state and will not remember any of the work done. Vitals are monitored the entire time sedation is administrated.

Dental sedation is more than just a passing trend in the medical field. It provides options for patients who require some extra relaxation during their dental visits. If you are unsure if dental sedation is right for you, talk to your dentist about your needs and they can discuss your options with the work you need done.

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